Diseases of eyes

What is retinitis?

Retinitis is an inflammatory disease of the retina that can lead to serious vision problems and even blindness.

What is diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the retina. The retina is a thin layer of tissue on the inner surface of the back of the eye that is responsible for converting light signals into nerve impulses that are then transmitted to the brain. In diabetic retinopathy, high blood sugar levels damage the small blood vessels of the retina, causing them to leak or become blocked, as well as to the formation of abnormal blood vessels.

What is conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, a thin transparent membrane that covers the front part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids. This disease is often called "pink eye" because of the characteristic redness that accompanies inflammation. Conjunctivitis can occur as a result of an infection (viral or bacterial), an allergic reaction, or contact with chemical irritants.

What is glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases characterized by an increase in internal pressure, which leads to damage to the optic nerve and, if treatment is used, to irreversible vision loss. It is one of the most common causes of blindness in the world.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a progressive eye condition that affects the macula, the central part of the retina that is responsible for sharp, detailed vision. AMD is the leading cause of vision loss in people over the age of 60, and it can significantly impact an individual\'s quality of life.

Cataracts are a common eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide. They occur when the natural lens in the eye becomes cloudy, causing vision to become blurred, hazy, or distorted. Cataracts can develop slowly over time, and in some cases, they can significantly impact an individual\'s quality of life. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments for cataracts.