Human anatomy » Diseases of the ear, nose and throat » The head cold
The head cold
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A head cold is basically the common cold. It gets its name because the symptoms tend to be centred around the head and facial region more than a usual cold would. Head colds generally last between a week and ten days, and often the symptoms are manageable without medical attention.
The symptoms of a head cold
With a head cold, the virus primarily affects the nose and sinuses. A head cold follows the same pattern as a normal cold, although the symptoms affecting these areas of the body are more pronounced than usual.
As with a normal cold, symptoms last for about one week and it is unusual for complications to arise. However, the likelihood of sinusitis and ear infections slightly increases with a head cold.
Causes a head cold
The bugs responsible for head colds are the same viruses causing the common cold. However, they appear to have a greater tendency to give rise to symptoms in your sinuses, head and face.
The cold virus can be found in droplets in the air, on surfaces and in unexpected places such as petrol pumps. Only once the symptoms present themselves will you be able to tell if you have picked up a normal cold or a head cold.
There are certain measures you can take, such as washing your hands regularly, which will reduce your chances of being infected by a cold virus.
How to cure a head cold
As with the common cold, there is no cure for a head cold. However, there is a variety of remedies which can ease your symptoms. As a head cold targets the head and sinuses more than an average cold, remedies such as nasal sprays to help with a blocked nose and painkillers to help with headaches may be useful.
There are a number of remedies which can help ease the symptoms of a head cold:
- To treat the underlying viral infection causing your head cold, use an Echinacea extract to help relieve symptoms. It works on the immune system and also has anti-viral and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Head colds tend to lead to nasal congestion or a blocked nose. This in turn can give rise to inflammation in your sinuses or ears and a general feeling of being all ‘bunged up’. A nasal decongestant can help ease these symptoms and get you breathing freely again.