Actinic keratosis

04 May 2024
Actinic keratosis

Like any other organ, our skin is susceptible to various diseases, which is caused by the impact of negative chemical, bacterial, mechanical and other factors. Keratosis of the skin is one of the most unpleasant diseases, expressed in the densification, keratinization of the skin, which as the area of the lesion increases causes discomfort and a lot of unpleasant and painful sensations, including itching, cracks and bleeding, erosion and ulceration.

Causes of the actinic keratosis

Keratoses are skin diseases that are associated with excessive herniation while the process of exfoliation is delayed. The cause of skin keratosis can be some genetic factors (heredity), as well as the impact of external factors (radiation, mechanical, chemical effects) factors. In addition, the development of this disease can contribute to diseases of infectious nature, disruptions in the work of nervous and endocrine systems, as well as the presence of malignant tumors of internal organs. Hence, two groups of keratoses are distinguished in practice: acquired and hereditary.

The disease develops in the long run in elderly people. In fact, it is a precancerous disease, in rare cases, degenerating into skin cancer. It has the appearance of dry or fatty plaques of flat form of yellow-brown color, reaching in diameter 1-2 cm. Such keratinized layers are similar in appearance to warts and appear, as a rule, in open areas of the skin (face, neck or hands). The disease can persist for many years and practically does not disturb, in rare cases there is a slight itch. However, there are cases when plaques become inflamed, begin to bleed with further erosion. The latter is an alarm bell, which may indicate the onset of malignancy. In this situation, do not hesitate to visit a doctor. After careful examination and necessary tests, appropriate treatment is prescribed.

Treatment of the actinic keratosis

Treatment of skin keratosis should be handled by an experienced dermatologist. When the formation appears, you should immediately contact a specialist, in order to avoid the development of a malignant tumor. Keratoses are characterized by long-term treatment with a special diet (with a predominance of vitamins and fats), applying external therapeutic ointments.

For the treatment of keratosis, various methods are used, similar to the treatment of skin cancer (surgical, laser, cryotherapy, irradiation, medication). In each specific case, when designing the optimal treatment regimen, forecasts for the development of education, localization, general health of the patient are taken into account.

Skin formations that do not have a predisposition to degeneration or malignancy are treated with some cosmetic indications.