Anatomy as a science



Name of Science "anatomy" (humans, animals, plants) is derived from the Greek word "anatemno" - cut, dismember, dissect, and its essence is to study the structure organisms and organisms organs by method autopsy of tissues. This science refers to the biological sciences, united under the term "morphology" (from the Greek. Tohriho - form, logos - teaching).

Morphology (a term coined German poet and scientist Goethe in 1817) is not limited to stating the information on the form and structure of the various parts of the body (normal, abnormal, ugly, etc.) obtained at different teaching levels (macroscopic, microscopic, cellular, molecular etc.). It also clarifies the organs evolution and the whole organism under the influence of various factors (functional, climatic -heohrafichnyh etc.). It must be admitted that the priority of anatomy was very large in the historical birth of many morphological sciences. In the late XIX - early XX centuries the morphology developed its section - evolutionary morphology which aims to study organisms and some organs in ontogeny and phylogeny.

Human anatomy as an independent science for a long time (until the XIX century) remained as descriptive in most cases (arose as descriptive anatomy), that it was limited to only describing, naming and classification of organs and systems. In the Renaissance, and all subsequent days up to now world science was enriched by discoveries that explain not only certain phenomena but also reasons of their occurrence and development. In search of truth, scientists were increasingly go beyond the individual sciences. In other words, there was a process of intensive interpenetration of different disciplines.

Arrhythmia


The patient's pulse, according to experienced doctors, is the mirror of heart health. A frequent or low pulse indicates a developing pathology. According to the rhythmic contraction of the heart muscle, doctors judge the blood flow, the health of the bloodstream, the state of the heart as a whole, and if the rhythm deviates from the norm, then this condition is called arrhythmia.

Acne

Acne

Acne is a disease of the sebaceous glands, another name for this disease is acne. The disease is characterized by blockage and inflammation of the hair follicles.
Acne consists of elements such as pustular and papular acne, nodules and cystic cavities, and comedones. Acne occurs due to the presence of infections, due to a disorder in the digestive process and mental disorder, as well as due to a violation in the genetic, immune and endocrine apparatus.
Skin rashes with acne are closed and open comedones, papular and pustular acne, and nodular and cystic formations. Closed comedones look like inflammatory nodules, their color is white, they do not come to the surface of the skin, that is, they are located under the skin.

Amnesia


Amnesia is a pathological condition of a patient in which the cognitive function of memorizing information is impaired, or memory is completely (partially) lost. Sometimes, this pathology occurs in the elderly, and it is associated with natural brain destruction, that is, aging. But in young people, memory loss is associated with other factors.

Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea is not a disease, but a sign of any physiological, genetic, biochemical, or psycho-emotional illness, and manifests itself as the absence of a menstrual cycle, for six months, in women aged sixteen to forty-five years. There is a false form of this disorder, in which both hormonal and cyclical changes in the uterus and ovaries are preserved, but menstruation itself is absent due to some anatomical obstacle. And with a true form, a woman does not ovulate because of which pregnancy does not occur.

Hemophilia



Hemophilia is usually an inherited bleeding disorder in which the blood does not clot properly. This can lead to spontaneous bleeding as well as bleeding following injuries or surgery. Blood contains many proteins called clotting factors that can help to stop bleeding. People with hemophilia have low levels of either factor VIII (8) or factor IX (9). The severity of hemophilia that a person has is determined by the amount of factor in the blood. The lower the amount of the factor, the more likely it is that bleeding will occur which can lead to serious health problems.

In rare cases, a person can develop hemophilia later in life. The majority of cases involve middle-aged or elderly people, or young women who have recently given birth or are in the later stages of pregnancy. This condition often resolves with appropriate treatment.

Alzheimer's Disease



Alzheimer's is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks.

Agoraphobia



Agoraphobia is a fear and avoidance of crowded places, a fear to leave the house. It's hard to believe, but many live with this disorder, facing their fears on a daily basis, however.

Age spots (liver spots)

Age spots (liver spots)


Everyone knows about the spots that appear on the skin of the elderly. For us it is associated with old age. And as you do not want to grow old. This is particularly frightening for women, although for men the appearance of such spots also does not cause joy. This, so-called senile blemishes or, using medical terminology - senile lentigo. For the body, senile spots on the skin carry no danger. Much greater moral damage from them. After all, the appearance of these pigmented spots we associate with old age. Although this is not always the case.

Adult Still's disease

Adult Still's disease


Still's disease is a serious disease, manifested by fever, polyarthritis. It is manifested by rashes on the skin and a systemic inflammatory lesion of somatic organs. Still's disease is diagnosed using a method of excluding other diseases based on clinical symptoms, laboratory data, the results of the study of affected joints, lymphoreticular and cardiopulmonary system. The treatment of the Still's disease is carried out mainly with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and glucocorticoid drugs, cytostatics are the reserve drugs.

Still's disease was described as early as 1897 by the British doctor George Still. For a long time, it was considered a severe form of juvenile form of rheumatoid arthritis. Only in 1971, Eric Bywaters, published numerous observations of this disease in adult patients. According to statistics, which leads modern rheumatology, the prevalence of the disease Still in recent years is about 1 person per 100 thousand of the population. Women and men are equally susceptible to morbidity. The greatest number of cases of Still's disease occurs in children under the age of 16 years.