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Acute coronary syndrome

Acute coronary syndrome is any group of clinical signs or symptoms suggesting acute myocardial infarction (death of cardiac muscle cells due to impaired blood flow in this area) or unstable angina (a variant of acute myocardial ischemia, the severity and duration of which is insufficient for the development of myocardial infarction).

Actinic keratosis

Actinic keratosis

Like any other organ, our skin is susceptible to various diseases, which is caused by the impact of negative chemical, bacterial, mechanical and other factors. Keratosis of the skin is one of the most unpleasant diseases, expressed in the densification, keratinization of the skin, which as the area of the lesion increases causes discomfort and a lot of unpleasant and painful sensations, including itching, cracks and bleeding, erosion and ulceration.


Acromegaly - this is a pathological condition of the organism, in which there is an enlargement of individual parts of the body. Such condition is provoked by excessive development of the growth hormone in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.

As a rule, men and women aged from 30 to 50 years are more likely to be affected by this disease, but children do not suffer from this disease. It is important to know that acromegaly is a chronic disease, and it occurs in the human body for a long period of time.

HIV | AIDS | Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) brought about a persistent, severe and possibly deadly state named acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS). HIV hampers a capacity of organism to struggle with the microorganisms, which make an illness. It harms the immunity.

HIV is a virus which can be transferred by a sexual contact, by someone's diseased blood or can be given from mother to child in the course of pregnancy, suckling the baby or birthing. The HIV can deliberate the immunity for many years, so that a person can have AIDS. This condition on the bottom can occur without taking any medicine.

HIV/AIDS are incurable. Fortunately several medicines are obtainable for reducing a development of the illness. Leaning on the stage of the disease, the HIV virus complaints as well as AIDS are different.

Acoustic neuroma

Acoustic neuroma is an uncommon, noncancerous (benign) and usually slow-growing tumor that develops on the main nerve leading from your inner ear to your brain. Because branches of this nerve directly influence your balance and hearing, pressure from an acoustic neuroma can cause hearing loss, ringing in your ear and unsteadiness.

Also known as vestibular schwannoma, acoustic neuroma usually grows slowly or not at all. However, in a few cases, it may grow rapidly and become large enough to press against the brain and interfere with vital functions.

Treatments for acoustic neuroma include regular monitoring, radiation and surgical removal.


Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne usually appears on your face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. Effective treatments are available, but acne can be persistent. The pimples and bumps heal slowly, and when one begins to go away, others seem to crop up.

Acne is most common among teenagers, with a reported prevalence of 70 to 87 percent. Increasingly, younger children are getting acne as well.

Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and scar the skin. The earlier you start treatment, the lower your risk of lasting physical and emotional damage.

ACL injury | Tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament

An ACL injury is the tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) — one of the major ligaments in your knee. ACL injuries most commonly occur during sports that involve sudden stops, jumping or changes in direction — such as basketball, soccer, football, tennis, downhill skiing, volleyball and gymnastics.

Many people hear or feel a "pop" in the knee when an ACL injury occurs. Your knee may swell, feel unstable and become too painful to bear weight.

Depending on the severity of your ACL injury, treatment may include rest and rehabilitation exercises to help you regain strength and stability or surgery to replace the torn ligament followed by rehabilitation. A proper training program may help reduce the risk of an ACL injury.

Infant reflux

Infant reflux occurs when food backs up (refluxes) from a baby's stomach, causing the baby to spit up. Sometimes called gastroesophageal reflux (GER), the condition is rarely serious and becomes less common as a baby gets older. It's unusual for infant reflux to continue after age 18 months.

Reflux occurs in healthy infants multiple times a day. As long as your baby is healthy, content and growing well, the reflux is not a cause for concern.

Rarely, infant reflux can be a sign of a medical problem, such as an allergy, a blockage in the digestive system or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

GERD - Gastroesophageal reflux disease (Acid reflux)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease. GERD occurs when stomach acid or, occasionally, stomach content, flows back into your food pipe (esophagus). The backwash (reflux) irritates the lining of your esophagus and causes GERD.

Both acid reflux and heartburn are common digestive conditions that many people experience from time to time. When these signs and symptoms occur at least twice each week or interfere with your daily life, or when your doctor can see damage to your esophagus, you may be diagnosed with GERD.

Most people can manage the discomfort of GERD with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications. But some people with GERD may need stronger medications, or even surgery, to reduce symptoms.

Achilles tendon rupture

Achilles tendon rupture is an injury that affects the back of your lower leg. It most commonly occurs in people playing recreational sports.

The Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord that connects the muscles in the back of your calf to your heel bone. If you overstretch your Achilles tendon, it can tear (rupture) completely or just partially.

If your Achilles tendon ruptures, you might feel a pop or snap, followed by an immediate sharp pain in the back of your ankle and lower leg that is likely to affect your ability to walk properly. Surgery is often the best option to repair an Achilles tendon rupture. For many people, however, nonsurgical treatment works just as well.